What is the present continuous tense in Spanish?


The present continuous tense in Spanish is “el presente continuo” or “el presente progresivo”. It is formed by using the verb “estar” in the present tense followed by the present participle (-ando for -ar verbs and -iendo for -er and -ir verbs).

For example:-

The present continuous tense of the verb “hablar” (to speak) would be:

Yo estoy hablando (I am speaking)

Tú estás hablando (You are speaking)

Él/ella/usted está hablando (He/she/you formal is speaking)

Nosotros/nosotras estamos hablando (We are speaking)

Vosotros/vosotras estáis hablando (You all are speaking)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes están hablando (They/you all formal are speaking)

Now we have  how to conjugate “andar” in the present continuous tense:

Yo estoy andando (I am walking)

Tú estás andando (You are walking)

Él/ella/usted está andando (He/she/you formal is walking)

Nosotros/nosotras estamos andando (We are walking)

Vosotros/vosotras estáis andando (You all are walking)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes están andando (They/you all formal are walking).

What is the difference between present tense and present continuous tense of Spanish?

The main difference between the present tense and the present continuous tense in Spanish is that the present tense describes an action that is habitual, general or happening right now, while the present continuous tense describes an action that is happening at the moment of speaking.

The present tense is used to describe actions that occur regularly or are ongoing habits, for example:

  1. Yo trabajo en una oficina. (I work in an office.)
  2. Él estudia español todos los días. (He studies Spanish every day.)
  3. Nosotros vivimos en esta ciudad desde hace 5 años. (We have been living in this city for 5 years.)

On the other hand, the present continuous tense is used to describe an action that is in progress at the moment of speaking, for example:

  1. Yo estoy hablando por teléfono. (I am talking on the phone.)
  2. Él está caminando hacia el parque. (He is walking to the park.)
  3. Nosotros estamos cocinando la cena. (We are cooking dinner.)

In summary, the present tense describes actions that occur habitually or generally, while the present continuous tense describes actions that are currently in progress.

What are the examples of present continuous tense in Spanish?

Present continuous tense in Spanish can’t be understood if you don’t practise or know how to frame the sentences using the present continuous tense in Spanish. Here some examples are presented to help you out to get an idea of how to frame the sentences in present continuous tense in Spanish.

  1. Yo estoy comiendo una manzana. (I am eating an apple.)
  2. Él está estudiando para su examen. (He is studying for his exam.)
  3. Nosotros estamos hablando en español. (We are speaking in Spanish.)
  1. Tú estás bailando muy bien. (You are dancing very well.)
  2. Ella está leyendo un libro interesante. (She is reading an interesting book.)
  3. Ustedes están escuchando música en el parque. (You all are listening to music in the park.)
  4. Los niños están jugando en el jardín. (The children are playing in the garden.)
  5. Ellos están esperando el autobús. (They are waiting for the bus.)

Spanish irregular verbs

In Spanish, most verbs follow a regular conjugation pattern. However, there are a few irregular verbs that have changes in their stem or spelling. Here are some examples of irregular verbs in the present continuous tense in Spanish:

Estar (to be)

Yo estoy (I am)

Tú estás (You are)

Él/ella/usted está (He/she/you formal is)

Nosotros/nosotras estamos (We are)

Vosotros/vosotras estáis (You all are)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes están (They/you all formal are)

Ir (to go)

Yo voy (I am going)

Tú vas (You are going)

Él/ella/usted va (He/she/you formal is going)

Nosotros/nosotras vamos (We are going)

Vosotros/vosotras vais (You all are going)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes van (They/you all formal are going)

Venir (to come)

Yo vengo (I am coming)

Tú vienes (You are coming)

Él/ella/usted viene (He/she/you formal is coming)

Nosotros/nosotras venimos (We are coming)

Vosotros/vosotras venís (You all are coming)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes vienen (They/you all formal are coming)

Decir (to say)

Yo digo (I am saying)

Tú dices (You are saying)

Él/ella/usted dice (He/she/you formal is saying)

Nosotros/nosotras decimos (We are saying)

Vosotros/vosotras decís (You all are saying)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes dicen (They/you all formal are saying)

Poder (to be able to)

Yo puedo (I am able to)

Tú puedes (You are able to)

Él/ella/usted puede (He/she/you formal is able to)

Nosotros/nosotras podemos (We are able to)

Vosotros/vosotras podéis (You all are able to)

Ellos/ellas/ustedes pueden (They/you all formal are able to)

This Article includes all the answer to your question if want to know more about the Spanish grammar lessons then read other articles on immerseinspanish.


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