In Spanish, the future tense is used to express actions that will take place in the future, either in the short or long term. Here are some of the most common uses of the future tense in Spanish:
- Expressing a future action: The most common use of the future tense is to talk about actions that will take place in the future, such as “Mañana iré al cine” (Tomorrow I will go to the cinema).
- Making predictions: The future tense can be used to make predictions or conjectures about the future, such as “Probablemente mañana lloverá” (It will probably rain tomorrow).
- Speculating about the present: The future tense can be used to speculate about the present, such as “¿Qué hora será?” (I wonder what time it is?).
- Expressing probability: The future tense can also be used to express probability or likelihood, such as “Creo que él vendrá más tarde” (I think he will come later).
- Polite requests: The future tense can be used to make polite requests or invitations, such as “¿Podría usted ayudarme?” (Could you help me?).
It’s important to note that in Spanish, the present tense can also be used to express future actions, especially in informal speech or when talking about future events that are already planned or arranged. However, the future tense is generally used to express future actions that are less certain or less immediate.
How to form sentences with future tense in Spanish using future verb conjugation?
To form the future tense in Spanish, you generally add the corresponding endings to the infinitive form of the verb. The endings are the same for all three types of verbs (-ar, -er, -ir) and are as follows:
To form the future tense, you simply add the appropriate ending to the end of the infinitive.
The future tense conjugation of verb hablar ie. to speak is given below.
Hablar – to speak
|I will speak||Hablaré|
|You will speak||Hablarás|
|he/she/it will speak||Hablará|
|We will speak||Hablaremos|
|You all will speak||Hablaréis|
|They all will speak||Hablarán|
Comer – to eat
|I will eat||Comeré|
|you will eat||Comerás|
|he/she/it will eat||Comerá|
|we will eat||Comeremos|
|you all will eat||Comeréis|
|they will eat||Comerán|
This is the conjugation of the verb comer in future tense known as to eat in english.
Vivir – to live
|I will live||Viviré|
|You will live||Vivirás|
|he/she/it will live||Vivirá|
|We will live||Viviremos|
|You all will live||Viviréis|
|they will live||Vivirán|
It’s important to note that some irregular verbs have different stem changes or spelling changes in the future tense. However, the endings remain the same. For example, the future tense of the irregular verb “ser” (to be) is “seré”, “serás”, “será”, “seremos”, “seréis”, “serán”.
What is the structure of forming sentences in future tense in Spanish?
To make sentences using “ir + a + infinitive” in Spanish, follow these steps:
- Start with the subject pronoun.
- Add the conjugated form of the verb “ir” that matches the subject pronoun.
- Follow “ir” with the preposition “a” which means “to” in English.
- Add the infinitive verb.
Here are some examples:
- Yo voy a estudiar. (I am going to study.)
- Tú vas a cocinar. (You are going to cook.)
- Él va a trabajar. (He is going to work.)
- Ella va a bailar. (She is going to dance.)
- Nosotros vamos a viajar. (We are going to travel.)
- Vosotros vais a comer. (You all are going to eat.)
- Ellos van a cantar. (They are going to sing.)
- Ellas van a correr. (They are going to run.)
Note that the verb “ir” is conjugated according to the subject, while the infinitive verb remains in its unconjugated form.
What are the irregular verbs in future tense?
If you can get more information about the tenses of Spanish, how to use them, or about the how to use future tense and irregular verbs of future tense of Spanish, then you can view more articles published on immerse in Spanish.